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The American Civil War was fought between 1861 and 1865, after a number of Southern states seceded from the country and formed the Confederate States of America. The ensuing conflict became the bloodiest war in American history, with millions of Americans recruited on both sides.

The war was brought to a close in April of 1865 following the surrender of Confederate General Robert E. Lee to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, close to the Union-Confederate border on the east coast of the United States. The six million records in this collection represent nearly every documented soldier who fought in either the Union or Confederate army during the U.S. Civil War. They list the details of a soldier’s regiment, rank, and dates of service.